Forensic Anthropology Objectives *Bertino 2009
the role of bones in forensic science
able to analyze skeletal remains and provide as much data as possible
about the identity of the person.
characteristics of bone that demonstrate that bone is considered living.
why bones are considered to be a tissue of the body.
- Discuss several functions of the bone.
GROWTH OF BONE
the number of bones and the amount of cartilage in an infant and an adult
the roles of osteoblasts, osteoclasts,
cartilage and osteocytes
the process of ossification
cartilaginous lines found between bones.
causes them to appear?
do they disappear?
can identification of cartilaginous lines be of any assistance to forensic
the role of the periosteum in the maintenance of
how bone is constantly being repaired and replaced as we grow.
what happens to your bones as you age. Male vs
is the condition? Symptoms? Cause? Treamtent?
during your life do you build the most bone?
effect does weight bearing exercise have on bone?
effect does menopause have on bone density?
there a genetic factor?
each of the following terms:
a diagram of the knee label the parts
formulas for height for different sexes and ethnic groups, to be able to
estimate the approximate height of the person based on different bones.
a given formula, predict height based on foot size.
a diagram of suture marks on a skull, and the approximate age of
ossification, be able to determine the estimated age of a skull form the
closing of these suture marks. Range of ages.
the graph of the size of the femur and the age of the child, to be able to
estimate the age based on femur length.
the vertebral rings on a person 18 years of age and someone 17 or younger
(Not this year 09.10)
the presence of teeth, estimate a range of age years.
SEX or GENDER
the diagram of male and female pelvis, to beable
to explain differences based on:
of pelvic opening
and width of sacrum
of pelvis opening : heart or oval
of pubis : triangular or rectangular
an X ray of the femur and the pelvis, be able to determine if you have a
male or female.
a diagram or actual skull, be able to distinguish between male and female
protuberance (back of the head)
shape: sloping or vertical
of the eyes: round or rectangular
between male and female skeletal remains based on skull, jaw, brow ridge,
pelvis and femur.
why women are more prone to knee injuries than men based upon the
differences in the pelvic and femur bones.
a skull, distinguish between Caucasoid, Negroid, or Mongoloid races based
of the face
of the eye orbits
a femur, be able to explain how to eliminate Negroid as a racial group.
how the following conditions are noted on the skeletal remains:
- Previos bone fractures
deficiencies such as lack of Vit D or Calcium
- Osteobiography refers to showing one’s bone life
history through examination of skeletal remains. Explain how each can be
the person left or right handed?
what can be determined about a person based on the following bone
are very strong
have fused rings
show wear and tear especially around the knees and hip
are carved on the pubic bone
have come through the oral cavity
how the cause of death from different types of saws can be determined by
looking at markings left on the bone for each of the blades below:
Chain saw Blade saw Hack
the role of dental and skeletal evidence in identification of the bodies
of the Romanov Family.
the difference between nuclear DNA and mitochondrial DNA.
the role of mitochondrial DNA in bone identification.
how facial reconstruction is done using the skeleton of the head.
the role of technology in forensic anthropology.
skeletal trauma analysis:
is this done?
are forensic anthropologists trying to discover?
is it possible to determine if damage to a bone was done before or after
is it possible to identify the type of weapon used on a victim through