Appendicular Lab and study guide

Label the following parts on your bones and bring to your teacher for approval

clavicle (Red A)

  • sternal end (Red B)
  • lateral end (Red C)

 

scapula

  • acromion (Red D)
  • spine (Red E)
  • body (Red F)
  • coracoid process (Red G)
  • glenoid fossa: (Red H)

 

Humerus:

  • head: (Blue: A)
  • anatomical neck (Blue B)
  • deltoid tuberosity (Blue C)
  • capitulum (Blue D)
  • radial fossa: (Blue E)
  • trochlea: (Blue F)
  • coronoid fossa: (Blue G)
  • olecranon fossa: (Blue H)

 

Ulna:

  • olecranon: (Blue I)
  • coronoid process: (Blue J)
  • trochlear notch: (Blue K)
  • radial notch: (Blue L)
  • styloid process: (Blue M)

 

Radius:

  • radial tuberosity: (Blue N)
  • styloid process : (Blue O)

 

        Carpals: (Blue P)

Metacarpals: (Blue Q)

  • Each bone has a head, body and base (pollex: (Blue R)
  • Knuckles

Phalanges (Blue S)

  • Phalanx: head, body and base , distal and proximal

 

Pelvis

  • Pubic symphysis (Yellow A)
  • coxal bones (Yellow B)
  • sacrum (Yellow C)
  • coccyx (Yellow D)
  • false pelvis (Yellow E)
  • true (lesser) pelvis (Yellow F)

 

  • Ilium (Yellow G)
  • ilac crest(Yellow H)
  • greater sciatic notch (Yellow I)
  • ischium (Yellow J)
  • Pubis (Yellow K)
  • Acetabulum: (Yellow L)
  • Obturator foramen (Yellow M)

 

Femur:

  • Head (Green A)
  • Neck (Green B)
  • Greater trochanter: (Green C)
  • Medial and lateral condyles (Green D)
  • Patellar surface (Green E)
  • Patella (Green F)

 

Tibia (Green G)

  • lateral and medial condyle (Green H)
  • Tibial tuberosity (Green I)
  • Medial malleolus(Green J)

 

Fibula: (Green K)

  • Lateral malleolus (Green L)

Tarsals:

  • Talus: (White A)
  • Calcaneus (White B)

 

Metatarsals (White C)

  • Hallux (White D)

 

 

Be able to tell which bones are on the left and right side

 

Carpals:

        70% of carpal fractures involve the______________________________

        Carpal tunnel syndrome: narrowing and compresses nerve

 

Pelvis brim

        Pelvimetry

 

Patella: develops on the tendon of the ________________

Function:

patellofemoral stress syndrome

Common cause:

 

Shin splints:

 

Arches serve what functions

flatfoot:

 

Know the major differences between male and female skeletons, the pelvis in particular

 

 

AGING: know the three trends and the two effects on the bones

1.

2.

3.

 

1.

2.

 

Fractures: know the types

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

 

Bone Healing: know the three steps

1.

2.

3.

 

Appendicular disorders: not including joint disorders

Bunion:

Clawfoot:

 

General Skeletal Disorders:

Osteoporosis

Rickets

Osteogenic sarcoma:

Osteopenia: