Name:                                                            Period:      Date:                               Entry Number:   

Review for Weather and Climate Test

1.      What two variables are shown on a Climatogram?



2.      A sample of gas occupies a volume of 150 mL at 298 K, what volume will it occupy at 398 K?




3.      A balloon has a volume of 3 L at a temperature of 24°C.  What will its volume be if the temperature changes to -15°C?



4.      The volume of a gas is 1 L when the pressure is 4 atm.  What will the volume be if the pressure changes to 8 atm?



5.      Label a-d on this diagram.  What if anything is missing?

6.      Describe the zone of saturation.



7.      Explain the difference between permeable and impermeable rock.




8.      Define the terms aquifer and artesian well.





9.      What part of the world receives the most insolation?




10.   What causes the Coriolis effect?



11.   What elements (or compounds) were present in Earth’s earliest atmosphere?


12.   Where is the ozone layer located?


13.   List three things the angle of the Sun’s rays striking the Earth’s surface affects.





14.   List three things the tilt of the Earth’s axis greatly affects.





15.   Why does the air near the equator average higher temperatures than air near the poles? Draw a diagram to illustrate your point.








16.   Describe the temperature and movement of air that results in high Pressure systems.



17.   What part of the Earth experiences consistent high pressure? consistent low pressure?




18.   Winds always blow from ______ ______________ to ________ __________________.

19.   Which type of front moves through a region most rapidly?


20.   Is humid air more or less dense than dry air?



21.   Low pressure systems are also known as                                         .

22.   What type of front is most likely to result in thunderstorms?


23.   What type of front results when a fast moving cold front overtakes a warm front?


24.   The upward movement of air in the atmosphere generally causes the temperature of that air to




25.   At temperate latitudes, the prevailing westerlies drive surface ocean currents _________________.

26.   The amount of water vapor the air can hold depends on air temperature.  At higher temperatures


the air can hold _________________ water vapor than it can at cooler temperatures.


27.   As air rises, it expands/compresses and warms/cools.  (circle the correct terms)


28.   Another name for the leeward slope is


29.   The diagram above shows Earth in its orbit around the Sun.  Positions A, B, C and D represent Earth at the beginning of each season. Label the first day of spring (vernal equinox), first day of fall (autumnal equinox), the first day of winter (winter solstice), and the first day of summer (summer solstice).

30.   Which ocean current transports warm water away from Earth’s equatorial region?  Use the Map of Surface Ocean Currents to answer this question.

(a)    Brazil Current

(b)   Guinea Current

(c)    Falkland Current

(d)   California Current

Base your answers to the next two questions on the map below, which represents an imaginary continent. Locations A and B are on opposite sides of a mountain range on a planet similar to Earth.  Location C is on the planet’s equator.


31.   Compare the climate at location A to that at location B.



32.   Location C most likely experiences low/high pressure and low/high precipitation (circle the correct terms)  Explain why.



33.   What is happening to the air at the center of the high? at the center of a low?



Base your answers to the next couple questions the weather map below, which shows a low-pressure system located near Poughkeepsie.  Isobars shown are measured in millibars.


34.   Which city is most likely experiencing winds of the greatest velocity? Why?


35.   Surface winds are most likely blowing from what direction?


36.   Why is the ozone layer important for life on Earth?



37.   If Earth’s axis were tilted LESS than 23.5°, what would happen to the temperatures in California?



38.   Draw a diagram of the surface wind pattern associated with high-pressure and low pressure systems in the Northern Hemisphere?  Show how winds blow between the two systems.
















39.   Explain why large oceans moderate the climatic temperatures of surrounding coastal land areas.



40.   What symbol represents air masses that normally form just south of the United States over the Caribbean Sea?


41.   The map to the right shows the boundary between two air masses.  The arrows show the direction in which the boundary is moving.  Illustrate the type of front and the direction of movement of that front on the box below.

42.   Which map best shows the surface movement of winds between 30°N and 30°S latitude? Circle the correct one.


43.   What is most important in determining the properties of an air mass?


44.   Which type of air mass is associated with warm, dry atmospheric conditions?


45.   The cross section to the right shows the flow of winds over a mountain ridge.  The heaviest rainfall would most likely occur on which side of this mountain and in which type of air mass?